Insufficient evidence

Muhammad Ashraf v. State (2016 SCMR 1617)

The prosecution/police’s suspicion does not replace the need for reliable evidence to prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.

Hashim Qasim v. State; Jehangir Elahi v. Shoaib Ahmed (2017 SCMR 986)

In order for a court to rely on circumstantial evidence in cases involving capital punishment, such evidence must be so interlinked that it constitutes a single unbroken chain and be beyond reproach.

Muhammad Ismail v. State (2017 SCMR 898)

A judicial confession submitted by the accused cannot be used to uphold a conviction, where such confession was retracted during trial and there is no independent evidence corroborating it.