Social and familial circumstances

Mst. Safina Bano and others vs. Home Department and others, C.R.P.420/2016

Those with mental illness who are unable to comprehend the rationale and reason for their punishment cannot be sentenced to death.

Muhammad Ismail v. The State (2017 SCMR 713)

Where the prosecution fails to prove motive, the death penalty should not be awarded. Confessions obtained without regard to due process are absolutely inadmissible. The Court may consider the particular sociocultural context of the defendant as a relevant mitigating factor.